Charlotte Perriand y Les Arcs
Revolutionary. The word that could best define Charlotte Perriand (1903-1999). This French designer and architect took a turn at home furnishings.
She worked in the studio of Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret. As soon as she started working with these two designers, Perriand was looking for theories that took materials, functionality and well-being into account.
She developed furniture for various studio projects and according to some sources, Perriand was the driving force behind the famous Chaise Longue LC4. In this seat we can see how comfort is introduced.
The three designers started from the idea that form and function should be at the service of relaxation. The LC4 was designed so that it could be tilted at any angle, with the rest possibilities that this offers. The use of tubular steel was born in the Bauhaus with Breuer as one of its great precursors, making it a symbol of modernity.
In 1937 Charlotte Perriand left Le Corbusier’s studio, turning her attention to more traditional materials and more organic forms. She devoted herself to the research in terms of prefabrication of modulated houses in which she collaborated with Jean Prouvé. Perriand’s collaborations multiply throughout her career, others working with architects such as Lucio Costa, Niemeyer, Candilis, Josic & Woods.
Between 1940 and 1942 Perriand moved to Japan, invited by Junzo Sakakura, with whom she worked in Le Corbusier’s studio between 1931 and 1936, where she continued her research and worked at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The Asian country was one of her great Georgetown fascinations. The house and the design in general must transmit peace and minimalism she knew how to translate into her work. When Japan went to war, it tried to return to France. However, due to the naval blockade, she was forced to stay in Vietnam from 1942 to 1946. During her stay in Vietnam, Perriand studied local techniques for woodwork and weaving.
Later, between 1967 and 1986, she participated in the conception of the high mountain resort of Les Arcs, both in its architecture and in the interior fit-out. It is in this project where all her previous explorations on prefabrication architecture, standardization, minimum cell, industrialization and materials come together.
Throughout the complex, Perriand used a dining chair made up of a chrome frame and a cognac leather seat. Since then, the seat design has been attributed to Perriand. However, sources claim that the chair was actually bought in bulk by the designer of the Italian manufacturer DalVera.